This Month in History: August

August 6: On August 6, 1945 the world was introduced to a new form of warfare. The United States of America dropped the world’s first Atomic Bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The bomb was dropped by the US aircraft carrier the Enola Gay and was partly due to the discouragement of the United States President Harry Truman after the Potsdam Conferences. The Potsdam Conferences were important because the United States and the other allied forces demanded unconditional surrender and the Japanese did not agree. Truman made the decision to drop the atomic bomb in order to prevent greater loss on the US side with a mainland invasion.

August 8: On August 8, 1974 United States President Richard Nixon resigns from office. He was the first, and only, president in history to do so. President Nixon resigned from office because of the Watergate Scandal. Later that day Gerald R. Ford was sworn into office and became the 38th president of the United States and was the first, and only, President to become President by moving through offices instead of by election. Ford became the Vice President eight months earlier when he replaced Spiro Agnew. Then with the resignation of President Nixon, Ford moved into the position of the President.

August 29: On August 29, 2005 Hurricane Katrina made landfall close to New Orleans. The United States had never seen a storm as bad as Katrina and it is the worst natural disaster the country has ever seen. However it was only the third strongest storm of the 2005 Hurricane Season. The storm displaced tens of thousands of residents in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama and also harsh criticism on the US President George W. Bush for the government’s slow response.

Patrick Whited

Landmark ALA

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